Travel/Tourist Visa/ Non-immigrant Visa
Travel or ‘’non-immigrant as being called in the US and Canada” visas allow the bearer to enter a foreign country for touristic and leisure purposes only and stay for a predetermined amount of time. These visas do not entitle the holder to work or engage in any business activities in the host country.
Documents needed to apply for this visa:
1. A photocopy of the information page of your passport.
2. One or two photographs of a specific size determined by the visa office.
3. Bank statement / Payslip for the last 6 months
4. Proof of Socio-Economic ties in Nigeria (more info on how to prove your ties you will find in Student visa section as well in the TIPS on how to fill in your application)
5. Proof of purpose of travel
6. Flights reservation
7. Proof of accommodation in the country of final destination
8. Travel insurance – not applicable to Canada and USA applications
9. Visa application fees
Depending on your life situation you will also need additional documents:
1. For employees:
– Employment contract
– Leave permission from the employer
– Income Tax Return (ITR) form or Certificate of Income Tax deducted at the source of salary
2.For the self-employed:
– A copy of your business license
– Company bank statement for the latest 6 months
– Income Tax Return (ITR)
3. For students:
– Proof of enrollment
– No objection letter from School or University
4. For retirees:
– Pension statement of the latest 6 months
5. If unemployed and married to the citizen of the country you intend to visit:
– Confirmation of Employment letter, no older than three months, from their spouse’s employer stating the position held within the company as well as the starting date
– Spouse’s valid passport copy
– An official marriage certificates
6. For Visa for Minors:
The parents / legal guardians of minors applying for a visa must submit some extra documents for the underage applicant:
– The minor’s birth certificate
– Application form signed by both parents
– Family court order – in cases where only one parent has full custody over the child
– Certified copies of ID/passport of both parents
– A notarized parental authorization signed by both parents/guardians if the minor will be traveling alone
Immigrant Visa/Permanent Residence Permit
Immigrant or Permanent Residence Documents and Conditions – this varies from country to country but they are almost likely asked for the same documentation with slightly different conditions. We would like to divide this into 3 sections namely 1, 2 and 3.
(1). All EU countries (2). Canada and, (3) USA
CONDITIONS TO RECEIVE IMIGRANT OR PERMANENT RESIDENCE VISA:
All EU Countries Permanent Residence Required Documents
1. A completed and signed copy of application form
2. A copy of your passport and/or your national ID card
3. An accurate passport-size photo
4. Documentation that you have met the conditions for one or more types of grounds for residence under EU rules:
As a worker – you need to provide documentation that you have met the conditions as a worker kindly, demonstrate this by including with your application – Your tax returns for the past five years
If you have been a self-employed person running your own business, you can supplement your tax returns with financial statements from your business, if your business’ income not otherwise appears in your personal tax returns
– Copies of the notice of termination and documentation that you registered with the job center (if you had periods of unemployment)
As a student – documentation that you have met the conditions as a student you can submit the following:
– Your tax returns for the past five years
– Your studies papers for the last 5 years, copies of residence permit maintained through-out your studies period
As self-supporting person – documentation that you have met the conditions as a self-supporting person (sufficient means), you can submit the following:
– Your tax returns for the past five years
Family member – documentation that you have met the conditions as a family member you can submit the following:
– Documentation that your family member has met one or more of the types of grounds for residence for at least five consecutive years
If your family member has proof of the right to permanent residence, under the residence directive, you need only submit documentation for this
If you have had other grounds for residence than those mentioned above, you must submit documentation for them. If your grounds for residence changed during your period of residence in the X country, you are asked to submit documentation for all of your grounds for residence.
5. Police report and no criminal record – No matter what applies to your case, everyone needs to submit a police report, declaring that he or she is no a danger to the public and has no criminal records or incur any debts for the last 5 years prior to applying for permanent residence permit or card.
What is a Canadian Permanent Resident? A permanent resident is someone who has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada, but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. A person in Canada temporarily, like a student or foreign worker, is not a permanent resident.
There are two categories of people who can apply for Canada Permanent Residence. First, foreigners’ who are already living in Canada or in Canada these set of people will need to meet all the requirements listed above under Section 1.
The second set of people are foreign nationals who are outside Canada but wish to be granted Canada Permanent Residence from their respective home countries in order for them to immigrate to Canada either alone or with their families and settle in Canada. These set of people can apply from their home countries through:
What Is Express Entry?
In January 2015, the Canadian government launched a new electronic immigration system that offers express entry to Canada for skilled and qualified immigrants. The new Express Entry program will manage applications for permanent residence for immigrants who can fill jobs where there is a lack of available skilled Canadian workers. (
The Express Entry program will also allow individual provinces and territories to use the system in order to recruit suitable candidates as part of the Provincial Nominee Programs so that labor market demands are met.
Employers plays a key part in selecting economic immigrants, and will be able to access suitable candidates via Canada’s recently improved Job Bank, as well as the relevant provinces and territories where applicable.
How Express Entry Works:
Step 1: Potential candidates fill out an online Express Entry form.
Candidates who are eligible for the Express Entry Canada program can complete an online profile which will include various details about themselves, including their skills, their language ability, education and previous work experience, among others. Candidates who successfully meet the criteria of one or more of the federal economic immigration programs under Express Entry will then be sorted into a pool of eligible individuals. These individuals will be ranked according to their chances of economic success, and the highest-ranking candidates, along with those who have qualifying offers of employment or provincial/territorial nominations (who will automatically receive high rankings), will receive a formal invitation to apply for permanent residency. This way of doing things will allow Canada to pick the best possible candidates who are likely to go on to achieve success, rather than simply picking whoever is next in line. Candidates who do not have a valid job offer or provincial/territorial nomination must sign up to the Government’s of Canada’s Job Bank, so that he or she can be connected to relevant Canadian employers. Eligible employers will need to obtain a Labor Market Impact Assessment via Employment and Social Development Canada for permanent residence applications. There is no guarantee that candidates who fill out an Express Entry profile will be invited to apply for permanent residence, as this will mainly be determined by their ranking and the other factors mentioned above (offer of employment, provincial/territorial nomination).
Step 2: The Government will invite successful candidates and permanent residency will be processed within 6 months.
Those ranking highly in the pool (based on skills, experience, eligible job offers and relevant nominations where applicable) will then be invited to apply for permanent residency through an ITA (Invitation to Apply), and will have a total of 60 days to submit their electronic application. Electronic applications will be required to be submitted through one of the below programs:
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Most applications will be pushed through swiftly by CIC, with many expected to be completed within six months. Candidates who have applied for the Express Entry Canada program but who are not invited to apply for permanent residency after a year may then resubmit their profile and re-enter the pool, provided they are still eligible for the program. This is to prevent backlogs and allow for quicker processing and turnaround times
Receiving an ITA (Invitation to Apply)
After you have successfully filling out an Express Entry Form to be eligible in an Express Entry pool, foreigners will wait to receive an ITA. Each draw whether it is through a PNP or Express Entry will have a minimum CRS score and those with a ranking CRS score higher than the published one, will receive an invitation. Once one has received an ITA, there is a 60-day period where you must apply and submit all the required supporting documents to become a permanent resident. There are documents and following steps after receiving an invitation to apply including a chance to deny the ITA.
Who is Eligible for Express Entry?
Determining whether you can apply under the Express Entry System can be confusing, but here are some of the basics.
According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC), Express Entry is a system put in place to “manage applications for permanent residence under these federal economic immigration programs.” These economic immigration programs include the Federal Skilled Workers Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canada Experience Class. Requirements for eligibility vary depending on the class you wish to apply under, though for all programs you must be legally admissible to Canada and be intending to live in a province or territory other than Quebec. Candidates also have to achieve a minimum score on the Comprehensive Ranking System. Points can be scored based on age, education, language ability, certifications, and Canadian and non-Canadian work experience.
Here are some of the major requirements for each of the three economic programs:
Federal Skilled Workers Program
As CIC explains, if you’re hoping to become a permanent resident through the Federal Skilled Workers Program, you must first meet the minimum requirements for work experience, language ability, and education.
Work Experience – must be a year of full-time or equivalent part-time paid work in the same job within the last 10 years, and the job must be of skill type 0 or skill levels A or B of the 2011 National Occupational Classification.
The Language Requirements – include proof of Canadian Language Benchmark 7 in the form of CIC-approved language test results from within the last two years.
For Education – applicants need either a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, or a completed foreign credential and an assessment of that credential from a CIC-approved agency that shows that the completed education is equivalent to a comparable Canadian credential.
Applications are also assessed based on federal skilled worker points. CIC will assign points based on the following factors:
Skills in English and/or French
presence/absence of a valid job offer, and the applicant’s perceived adaptability to live in Canada. Furthermore, applicants need to be able to prove that they have sufficient funds to support themselves and their family, unless they can already legally work in or have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada.
2. Federal Skilled Trades Program
According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, skilled workers for the Federal Skilled Trades Program must fulfill minimum work experience and language ability requirements.
Work experience must include at least two years of full-time work experience (or equivalent part-time work experience) within the last five years in a skilled trade. Applicants must also show that they have experience performing the duties for an eligible skilled trade outlined by the National Occupation Classification (NOC) in Major Group 72, 72, 82, or 92, or Minor Group 632 or 633.
Language ability scores can be lower than those for the skilled workers program: Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for speaking and listening, and Canadian Language Benchmark 4 for reading and writing. Satisfactory results from a CIC-approved language test are also required.
Applicants must also have either an offer of full-time employment for a full year minimum or be certified in their skilled trade by a Canadian provincial or territorial authority. Individual provinces /territories have specific requirements regarding trades qualifications and the process for assessment, so finding out how the program works in the province/territory where you wish to live is important.
3. Canada Experience Class
To be eligible under the Canada Experience Class, CEC specifies that you must meet the minimum work experience and language ability requirements.
Minimum work experience is 12 months of skilled work experience (or equivalent part-time) in Canada, with the proper authorization, within the three years prior to applying for CEC. This work must fit the requirements of the National Occupation Classification for one of the following: managerial jobs (NOC skill level 0), professional jobs (NOC skill type A), or technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B). The applicant must also be able to demonstrate that their work experience includes having fulfilled the duties detailed by the NOC. Minimum language levels are Canadian Language Benchmark 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs or Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for NOC B jobs, with results proven by a CIC-approved language test.
How are Express Entry Points Calculated to Determine a CRS Score?
The Comprehensive Ranking System ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry. Points are given within the following categories:
The maximum an individual can be awarded when it comes to age is 100 points (with a spouse or common-law partner), or 110 points (without a spouse or common-law partner. In order to achieve the maximum number of points in each category, you have to be in the age bracket of 20 – 29 years old. The minimum number of points that can be awarded for age apply to those who are under 17 years of age, or over 45 (both 0 points). For those between the ages of 17 and 45, the number of points awarded varies across the age spectrum, peaking at ages 20 – 29. In order to see where you fall, take a look at the full table here.
2. Level of Education
The maximum you can be awarded for your education level is 150 points, which applies to a university-level credential at the Doctoral level, and without a spouse or common-law partner (with, you’d be awarded 140). Let’s look at how the points vary for those without a spouse or common-law partner (for those with spouses, points awarded are slightly less)
– Less than secondary or high school equivalent: 0 point
–Secondary school or high school equivalent: 30 points
-One-year post-secondary program credential: 90 points
-Two-year post-secondary program credential: 98 points
-Post-secondary program credential of 3+ years: 120 points
-Two or more post-secondary program credentials, at least one of which lasting 3+ years: 128 points
-Master’s level university credential, or an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation a) listed at NOC Level A, and b) requires licensing by a provincial regulatory body: 135 points
– University-level credential at the Doctoral level: 150 points
3. Official Language Proficiency
Language ability is split into four subcategories: reading, writing, talking and listening. The maximum number of points awarded for each of these subcategories is 32 (with a spouse or common-law partner) or 34 (without a spouse or common-law partner).
So, when each of these sub-categories are added up, the maximum number of points an individual can be awarded is 128 (with a spouse or common-law partner) and 136 (without a spouse or common-law partner).
Points are awarded based on CLB level, with CLB 4 or less being awarded 0 points. Those who have achieved CLB 10 or higher are awarded the maximum number of 32/34 points (depending on whether you have a spouse or common-law partner).
Second Official Language
For second official language proficiency, the sub-categories are the same as above, with the maximum number of points being 22/24. You will be awarded 6 points for each sub-category, with the total number of points being capped at 22 if you have a spouse or common-law partner (you will be awarded the maximum 24 points if you do not).
4. Canadian Work Experience
The maximum points you can be awarded for Canadian work experience is 70 (with a spouse/common-law partner) and 80 (without a spouse/common-law partner) for five years or more. Let’s take a look at how the points system works for those without a spouse or common-law partner:
Less than a year: 0 points
1 year: 40 points
2 years: 53 points
3 years: 64 points
4 years: 72 points
5 years or more: 80 points
That brings us to the end of this subsection. The maximum number of points you can score for this section are: 460 points (with a spouse/common-law partner) and 500 points (without a spouse/common-law partner)
Spouse or common-law factors (if applicable)
Now, we’re aware not everyone has a spouse or common-law partner, so if this doesn’t apply to you, feel free to skip the following subsections entirely. If it does, then read on:
5. Spouse/Common-Law Partner’s Level of Education
Points awarded for this category range from 0 -10. The maximum-level categories are Master’s Degree university level, and university-credential at Doctoral level, both 10 points. To see how your spouse/common-law partner would rank, check the CIC table.
Spouse/Common-Law Partner’s Official Languages Proficiency
Again, the official languages proficiency section is split into four different categories: reading, writing, talking and listening. For each sub-category, your spouse/common-law partner can be awarded up to five points, with a maximum score of 20 points.
Spouse/Common-Law Partner’s Canadian Work Experience
The maximum number of points your spouse/common-law partner can be awarded for this section is 10 points, which applies to five years or more Canadian work experience. Points awarded are as follows:
Less than a year: 0 points
1 year: 5 points
2 years: 7 points
3 years: 8 points
4 years: 9 points
5+ years: 10 points
The maximum number of points your spouse/common-law partner can score for this section is 40 points, taking your maximum total up to 500 points (core/human capital factors + spouse/common-law partner factors).
How Much Money Do I Need for Express Entry?
If you are invited to apply for Express Entry then you must have written proof that you have the money required for you and any family members you intend on bringing to Canada.
Number of family members
Funds required (in Canadian dollars)
Family Member of 1 = $12,960
Family Member of 2 = $16,135
Family Member of 3 = $19,836
Family Member of 4 = $24,083
Family Member of 5 = $27,315
Family Member of 6 = $30,806
Family Member of 7 = $34,299
For Each Additional Family Members
Express Entry Fees
New fee effective April 30, 2020 ($CAN)
Your Application: Processing fee and Right of Permanent Resident Fee
Your Application (without Right of Permanent Resident Fee
Include your spouse or partner: Processing fee and Right of Permanent Residence fee
Include your spouse or partner (without Right of Permanent Residence fee
Include a dependent child
$225 per child
Right of Permanent Residence fee (may be paid at a later date)
8 WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR CRS SCORE
1. Language: Did you know that language ability is worth up to 260 CRS points in total for a single candidate? French and English are Canada’s official languages so take a French class and learn both to gain more points. Extra points are accumulated for each improvement in test results across the four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading, writing), but the magic threshold is when a candidate achieves a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level of 9 in each ability. If you ever studied French at school, or otherwise have a decent knowledge of the language, it may be wise to consider preparing to take the Test d’évaluation du français (TEF).
2. Work: Although Canadian work experience is more valued than non-Canadian work experience, if you have less than three years of full-time experience, keep working! The goal of remaining in employment is even more acute for candidates currently working in Canada on a work permit because more points are available for this work and it is rewarded for each annual threshold up to five years. Just make sure that if you are working in Canada, you maintain legal work status the entire time.
3. Study: Come study in Canada before applying for Express Entry! Having Canadian study experience can significantly increase your score.
4. Education: If you have two or more certificates, diplomas, or degrees you may be able to claim extra points under the education section. Furthermore, completing an additional level of education can also be beneficial. Some candidates are only a few courses or months away from completing a degree, diploma or certificate that, when assessed, would help to improve their ranking under the CRS.
5. Spouse: Candidates with a spouse, however, may have additional potential for improving their CRS score because the spouse’s level of education, language ability, and Canadian work experience may all be rewarded. You can add up to 20 points to your CRS through your partner’s first language scores. You can add up to 10 points to your CRS score by getting ECA done for your partner’s education.
6. Provincial Nominee Programs: If you want a 600-point boost to your CRS score, plus the knowledge that you are being welcomed with open arms into your chosen destination province, it’s time to learn about the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). A nomination from one of the provinces under Express Entry Provincial Nominee Programs adds 600 additional points to your overall CRS and in most cases will secure you an ITA in the next draw. It’s important to display your full education and work record, stay up to date on Canadian immigration news, and have all your documents ready and reviewed in preparation to make an application promptly. PNP categories often open and close quickly, sometimes within days or even hours.
7. Job Offer: While the relative value of a qualifying job offer is not as great as it once was – in most cases, down to 50 CRS points from a previous value of 600 points – obtaining a job offer remains an important factor. If you are not currently in Canada, obtaining a job offer can be difficult, but there are plenty of online resources where you may find employment opportunities.
8. Getting Help: Do you need assistance in preparing an application for Canadian permanent residence? If so, let us know and we will schedule an appointment for you with one of our Immigration Expert Teams in helping you in this regard.
NOTE: At VISA HOUSE TRAVELS AGENTS we will help you figure out your CRS score, which is used to rank your profile in the Express Entry pool. The Comprehensive Ranking System Score is used in every Express Entry draw. You will want to calculate your CRS score before applying for Express Entry to determine your eligibility. A thorough-read-through and, brilliant digest of our materials should give you an Insight on if you are eligible for an Express Entry at a particular time or not. If afterwards, you still seemed confused then you can contact us through our email and, please, write in details what you seem confused on? Our Immigration Professionals, Lawyers and Expert Teams will go through your case and, advise you on how to improve your score or find out which programs you qualify for. If you want to improve your CRS score to get picked for an Express Entry draw there are several ways you can!
Proof of Funds
You must be able to have the required amount above readily available for you. This means that you can not use equity on real estate or borrow money from another person.
If your spouse is coming with you, you can count money you have together in a joint account.
For proof, you must get official letters from any banks or financial institutions where you’re keeping money.
1. Letter(s) must
2. Be printed on the financial institution’s letterhead
3. Include their contact information (address, telephone number and email address)
4. Include your name
5. List outstanding debts such as credit card debts and loans
include, for each current bank and investment account, the account numbers
date each account was opened
6. Current balance of each account
7. Average balance for the past 6 months
Who Administrates the Express Entry?
The government of Canada conducts the Express Entry draws. The branch of government that handles Express Entry is the IRCC. The IRCC stands for Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada.
What’s the Difference Between CIC and IRCC?
The IRCC (Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada) replaced the CIC in 2015. There is no difference between the two except the name. The CIC is now called the IRCC.
Can I Bring My Family with Me Under Express Entry?
Express Entry applicants can bring their spouse or common-law partners and dependent children with them to Canada. You must claim the family members you want to bring with you to Canada on your Express Entry application.
Can My Spouse Work Under My Express Entry?
If you claimed your spouse as a dependent on your application for Express Entry then they are also Permanent Residents of Canada! They do not need a work visa to work in Canada as a permanent resident.
How We Can Help You Get into Express Entry
The most important aspect of the Express Entry Program is to provide complete and accurate information/documentation and get an ITA. Without an invitation, you are unable to apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry Program. In order to receive an invitation, you have to be selected from a pool of applicants who are competing for an invitation.
Our job at Visa House Travels is to make your profile ”STAND OUT” from the crowd. We will assess your case, highlight the best aspects of your application, and make sure that you have obtained the highest eligible score! This way, your chances of getting an invitation are maximized.
In addition, if you are selected, we are there to assist you with the complicated application process, including submitting your application in a timely manner for you to obtain your Canadian Permanent Residence.
The term GREEN CARD is also known as ”Permanent Resident Card” under the U.S Immigration rules and laws terminology.
What is a Green Card/Permanent Resident Card?
This allows you to live and work permanently in the United States. The steps you must take to apply for a Green Card will vary depending on your individual situation.
To apply for A Green Card/ Permanent Resident Card this can be done in a few ways listed below with each way explained as a sub-heading.
You may be eligible to apply If you are:
As a Spouse, you need to provide a marriage certificate and every other relevant document to justify your claims.
As an Unmarried Child of a U.S citizen, you need to provide a birth certificate and other documents to prove your biological relation to the U.S citizen
As a Parent of a U.S citizen, you need to provide proofs and, in some cases, DNA might be required.
Family relations documents with convincing proofs, and paper works. The same documents as listed above. Slightly different for Spouse’s application.
For yourself please provide:
NOTE: If your U.S citizen wife/husband was previously married, you also need to provide with other documents listed above —
Medical examination for yourself
Before you can submit your application, you need to visit a doctor to verify that you are healthy. The exam results are usually valid for 12 months. You will want to schedule the exam as close as possible to the date you plan to file the application.
e). Fiancé(e) of a U.S. citizen or the fiancé(e)’s child
f) Widow(er) of a U.S. citizen
If you are a widow or widower of a U.S. citizen and you were married to your U.S. citizen spouse at the time your spouse died
g) VAWA self-petitioner– victim of battery or extreme cruelty
Under the U.S Immigration laws, this is classified into preferences order, namely: the first preference immigrant worker, the second preference immigrant worker and the third preference immigrant worker – please, check under the category that best suits your profile
Same documents as listed above under Immigrant Worker
Same documents as listed above under Immigrant Worker
If you are a physician who agrees to work full-time in clinical practice in a designated underserved area for a set period of time and also meets other eligibility requirements
If you have invested or you are actively in the process of investing at least $1. 8 million (or $900,000 in a targeted employment area -rural area) of your money without borrowing, in a new commercial enterprise in the U.S. which will create full-time positions for at least 10 qualifying employees within two years but not including investor’s spouse, children or relative.Immigrant investor visa categories are:
C U.S.A Green Card/ Permanent Residence Card through Special Immigrant
If you are a member of a religious denomination coming to the U.S. to work for a nonprofit religious organization
This type of visa allows you to visit a foreign country for the period of time subject to having to have invitation letter and other documents from inviting host.
The way of providing invitation letter differs from country to country it can be required in the letter form, as a digital questionnaire or a paper questionnaire.
The draft letter of invitation should have information containing the following:
The date that the letter was written
The Embassy name
Embassy contact information (phone number and address)
Opening salutations and statements
Inviting person’s name
Inviting person’s status in the destination country (citizen or permanent resident)
Inviting person’s contact information (phone number, address, and email)
Applicant’s passport number
Purpose of travel
Relationship between the applicant with the inviting person
Dates of travel must include arrival date and departure date
Inviting person’s signature
the relationship between you and the inviting person in the country of your final destination
WORK VISA gives one the ability to take up a job in a country other than the one in which one is a citizen. There are different types of work visas. One kind might require the holder to have a local employer in a foreign country as a sponsor and to return home if he/she loses the job. Another visa may be more general and may allow the holder to work at any job for a certain period of time. Work visas are generally temporary, though most may be renewed.
Other ways you can secure a ”Work Visa” is to apply either as:
– Job Seeker
– Freelance Worker
WORK VISA CATEGORIES
There are three sub-groups within work visa categories namely:
1.Persons with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics. Applicants in this category must have extensive documentation showing sustained national or international acclaim and recognition in their fields of expertise. Such applicants do not have to have specific job offers, so long as they are entering the X country to continue work in the fields in which they have extraordinary ability. Such applicants can file their own work visa applications.
2. Outstanding Professors and Researchers with at least three years’ experience in teaching or research, who are recognized internationally. Applicants in this category must be coming to the X country to pursue tenure, tenure track teaching, or a comparable research position at a university or other institution of higher education. The prospective employer must provide a job offer and file an application for the applicant.
3. Multinational Managers or Executives who have been employed for at least one of the three preceding years by the overseas affiliate, parent, subsidiary, or branch of the X country employer. The applicant’s employment outside of the X country must have been in a managerial or executive capacity, and the applicant must be coming to work in a managerial or executive capacity. The prospective employer must provide a job offer and file an application on behalf of the applicant.
4.Professionals Holding Advanced Degrees and Persons of Exceptional Ability. Applicants in this category must generally have a labor certification approved by the Department of Labor in the X country. A job offer is required and the X country employer must file an Immigrant petition or work visa application on behalf of the applicant. Applicants may apply for an exemption from the job offer and labor certification if the exemption would be in the national interest. In this case, the applicant may self-petition by filing a work visa application along with evidence of the national interest.
There are two subgroups within this category:
5.Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Unskilled Workers (Other Workers)
Applicants in this category generally, require labor certification approved by the Department of Labor in the X country.
Documents Required For All Categories Above
• Proof of your Identity – A copy of your International passport
• Original official bank statements, transaction records from banks, fixed / time/term deposits certificates for the last six months
• Certified proof of property ownership and its valuation, purchase or sale agreements, mortgage loan agreement, etc.
• Certified transactions of stocks and securities accounts including the history of transactions and dates of opening the accounts (optional, not compulsory and don’t worry if you don’t have stocks and securities account)
• Certified copies of your post-secondary education documents: vocational or technical certificates or diplomas.
• Certified copies of your college or university documents: the graduation degree, diploma, or certificate issued by the college or university.
• Certified copies of your trade/apprenticeship documents: certificate and evidence of apprenticeship.
• Original transcripts of your post-secondary courses taken.
• Certified copies of your professional qualifications certificates: any proof of further training or certification relative to your current occupation/profession must be written on company letterhead, signed by the responsible officer/supervisor
Additional conditions allowing you to apply for work visa:
1. You must be employed or be in employment prior to filing for your application
2. You must show your company’s full address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail and website addresses,
3. letters from your company must be stamped with the company’s official seal (if applicable) Letters must include all of the following information:
– the specific period of your employment with the company
– the positions you have held during the period of employment and the time spent in each position
– your main responsibilities and duties in each position
– your total annual salary plus benefits
– the number of hours worked per week
4. Certified copies of work contracts
5. Certified copies of pay stubs
6. Certified copies of T4s Self-employed individuals must provide documentation from 3rd party individual(s) indicating the service provided along with payment details. NOTE: Self-declared main duties or affidavits are not acceptable evidence of work experience.
Jobseeker Visa (Work Visa)
Nigerians can apply to a lot of countries as job seekers. There are countries that are seeking highly qualified employees to work in well-paid positions and encourage all young and skilled people to come to visit and look for places to work. So, if you have decided that you would like to work there, the first thing you need to do is get the X country job seeker visa.
What is a job seeker visa?
The job seeker visa is a Long-Term Residency Permit, which allows you to stay in the country for six months and look for a job. NOTE: Job seeker visa is issued under work visa. If at the end of the six months you have found a place of employment, you will be given the X country work visa or a work permit and you will be allowed to work and live there. Please note that having a job seeker visa does not allow you to start working immediately in the country. It only means that you can visit the country and look for a job during your stay.
Documents to submit:
If you checked all of the criteria, then you’re one step closer to getting your visa.
The X country embassy/consulate reserves the right to ask for additional documents. This applies –among others- for certain professions (e.g. Nurses, Medical Doctors, Pharmacists, Teachers).
Freelance (Work Visa)
Freelance has become an ever-growing self-employment type, as it gives greater independence and less bureaucracy compared to the conventional type.
Working as a freelancer, you are your own boss. There is great flexibility as of the days and hours of working. Moreover, you’re free to choose the clients and projects you want to work for. You have almost none working protocols to follow. You may not need an office to make your work happen.
Potentials needed to freelance:
As a freelancer, you will be excused from the business registration procedure and from getting the trade permit.
Instead of the trade office, your freelance activity must be registered with the tax office. The tax office will be the authority to issue the tax number and to collect taxes from you, based on your freelance activity.
For some liberal professions, you must get membership into the respective chambers and for some others the recognition of the foreign qualification beforehand launching your freelance activity.
Can I work as a freelancer if I am a Nigerian already in X country?
If you are already residing in X country, you are entitled to freelance with exceptions.
Your situation must be any of the following for working as a freelancer while already in X country:
A freelance visa is typically granted for three months. It can be converted into a residence permit while your visa is valid. The address where you apply for a residence permit is the Local Foreigner’s Authority
Requirements to Apply for a Freelance Visa?
You must typically submit the application for a freelance visa at the Embassy or Consulate in the country where you currently live. The procedure is the same as applying for any X country visa. You are advised to complete the application 3 months in advance of your planned travel date. Send the application documents as originals with a photocopy of each
After arriving in X country, you must legalize yourself as a freelancer.
Follow these key steps before freelancing as a foreigner in X country:
EUROPEAN WORK VISA/EMPLOYMENT VISA
The term ”Work Visa” is regarded as the Employment Visa under the European Schemes
European Employment Visa is an opportunity for qualified foreigners to settle in and work in their field. It gives its holder the chance to enter and work in an X country for up to two years, with the possibility of extending the visa, and later applying for an EU Blue Card or Residence Permit Card, or other types of residence permits.
Long-Stay Visa Types for Working in an X country
You may apply for an X country Long-Stay Visa under the purpose of working in the following categories:
Employment – if you already have a job offer in an X country, you can apply for Employment Visa
Self-Employment – if you wish to establish a business in an X country or to work as a freelancer.
– Working as a Freelancer
– Jobseeker – if you wish to look for a job while in X country
– Working as an AU Pair (Daycare nanny is called AU Pair in some countries)
All foreign nationals including Nigerians can apply for Employment Visa if they fulfill the conditions to work in some European countries. According to the “Act on the Residence” that regulates the residence issue for foreigners, the categories eligible to apply for an employment Visa are as follows:
A. Highly qualified foreigners, in particular:
– Researchers with special technical knowledge
– Teaching personnel in prominent positions or scientific personnel in prominent positions
B. Intra-corporate transferees, in particular:
C. Nationals with a university degree or a non-academic vocational qualification that fulfill the conditions listed below:
– You have a concrete job offer.
– Your education must be recognized as equivalent to a country degree or to that desired country degree.
How to Apply for an European Emploment Visa?
1.Get a job offer in an X country.
2. Check if you need a visa to the country for long-stays.
3. Find out where you need to submit your visa application.
4. Collect all of the required documents to be mentioned below according to instructions.
5. Make an appointment for a visa interview.
6. Pay the Employment Work visa fee.
7. Attend the interview.
8. Wait for a response on your visa application.
Required Documents for European Employment Visa
1. Two fully completed application forms. Printed and signed at the end.
2. Two passport photographs
3. Valid national passport
4. Proof of residence. Your driver’s license and/or utility bill in your name as proof of residence in the territory of the consulate where you plan to apply.
5. Health insurance. Compulsory certificate from X country employer, valid from date of employment. If not already included in the compulsory health insurance separate travel insurance has to be presented for the time frame from arrival in an X country until the beginning of employment.
6. An employment contract / binding job offer with details of gross annual salary and a detailed description of the employment in an X country
7. Approval by the Federal Employment Agency (If applicable).
8. Curriculum Vitae. Your updated CV, which indicates your academic qualifications and your job experience.
9. Proof of Qualification. Diplomas, Certificates, Mark-sheets, etc., or anything similar that proves your qualifications.
10.Personal covering letter explaining the exact purpose and duration of stay.
11. Proof of a clean criminal record.
12. Proof of paid visa fee.
13. Declaration of Accuracy of Information.
A business visa allows the bearer to enter the host country and engage in business activities without joining that country’s labor market. For example, an individual may require a business visa if they are traveling to a country to do business with another company or if they are attending a business conference. The visitor typically must show that they are not receiving income from the country.
For the employee, please provide:
For the self-employed applicants, please provide:
A student visa is a type of nonimmigrant visa that allows the bearer to enroll at a postsecondary educational institution in the host country. High school foreign exchange students must typically obtain a visa for temporary residence.
1. Proof of Identity
2. Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (Admissions Letter or Proof of Acceptance) from the college/ university – stating the name of the study program, with a start date and end date – month and year.
3. Proof of Financial Support
Read more below for financial proof explanations
You must show that you have held the correct amount of money for at least 28 consecutive days before the date you complete your student visa application online. Your funds must not have dropped below the required amount during this time.
For the loan acceptable documents must include a letter confirming your Education Loan. The loan must be from either a government; or a government-sponsored student loans company, or an educational loans scheme regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
The financial institution or bank must use electronic record keeping; and be regulated by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN); and the host country must be able to make verification checks with the bank and may check that they are regulated as above on the bank’s website
The funds held must be in your name; or in your partner’s name (only if they are applying at the same time as you or if they have already been granted a visa); or in your parent or legal guardian’s name; and held in a personal bank or building society account; and can be accessed immediately.
As long as the funds can be withdrawn and accessed immediately, you can use the following types of funds:
The document itself must be:
When you are using your parent’s bank account, you must provide all of the following documents:
When you are partly or fully sponsored by an official financial sponsor you must submit a letter confirming the details of the funding. Any dependents must also be named on the letter for the funds to be counted towards their maintenance.
Sponsor letters are only accepted from:
Where you were previously financially sponsored for both tuition and living expenses by a government or international scholarship agency 12 months prior to your new application, you must provide a letter from your past financial sponsor giving unconditional consent for you.
When you are under 18 you must provide:
Acceptable evidence of academic qualification includes:
This letter helps the visa officer to understand you and your goals. It should explain:
You should include this letter if you decide to apply for a study permit, even if you don’t have to get a study permit for your program, just include the letter with your student visa application.
5. Demonstrate strong Home Ties to Nigeria
If you will be employed full-time upon your return, this indicates strong employment ties to your country. Your employment ties are viewed as stronger based on the prestige, importance, and salary of your job.
Documents to Submit
i. A letter from your current employer stating that you will resume your work with them after your time in the host country, or
ii. A letter from a prospective employer stating that a position will be offered to you upon your return
Note: The best letter is one that guarantees a job upon your return and states how important your overseas activities will be for the type of work the employer wants would be ideal
June 11, 20xx
Director To Whom It May Concern:
We have authorized our employee, XXXX, three year’s leave in order to pursue a master’s degree in business administration in the Z country. XXXX is a marketing assistant at our office and a valued employee, whom we are convinced will become a high-level marketing expert with further training. We have hired a temporary substitute in his absence. However, we eagerly await Mr. XXXX return in July of 20xx.
Very truly yours,
If all members of your immediate family live in your country, the visa officer or consular officer may understand that you have strong family ties to that country. If you are the oldest child or only child in your family, the Consular officer may believe that you are more likely to return home because of that fact. If one or both of your parents are not in good health, this is another reason you might be expected to return home. Always state that in your application.
Refugee or Asylum Visas are granted to people who are able to demonstrate that their lives are at risk of returning back to their home country or even live in their own country. In order to be granted this type of visa, there are certain documents and proofs you need to provide and demonstrate.
Documents you must provide:
Your written statement (declaration) should explain in detail why you left your home country and why you are afraid to return there. This letter will help the Asylum Officer or Immigration Officer better understand why you are applying for asylum.
Such declarations may go on for several pages. You will want to include the following information:
return home to your country. Make sure to include specific dates, places, names, and witnesses. Explain how exactly you were harmed or threatened, and reasons for why you were harmed or threatened.
At the end of your declaration, write: “I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States that the foregoing is true and correct.” Then sign the declaration and date it.
The documents you provide must include your:
other type of visas, and you intend to seek asylum to remain in the X country then, you and your dependents must bring documents that prove your X country address.
You will need different documents depending on whether you are living in your own accommodation or staying with someone else.
You may be granted a residence permit if you meet one of the following conditions:
Working Holiday Visa
Working Holiday Visas are not relevant to Nigeria’s passport holders. Therefore, there is no point in submitting a visa application at any embassy post for a working holiday visa if you apply for this type of visa with a Nigeria’s passport at any embassy post, your application will be rejected or denied within days.
Spousal visas allow partners to visit each other when the couple does not hail from the same country.
In order to apply, you will need to satisfy the following requirements:
1. Documents will need to be submitted with your Spouse Visa application, including:
2.Documents and details concerning your partner:
3.You will need to give details of your children (and your partner’s children if you have one). You will be asked about all children, even if they are not applying:
country home office that you meet the financial equirement (i.e.minimum income). To do so, you will need to submit documents:
Documents to submit:
The letter from your employer must confirm that:
You or your partner are employed by the employer
Cash savings of over 8 Million Naira can be counted towards your annual income. In order to do so, you will need to submit:
It will be necessary to submit:
Travelers may sometimes require transit visas in order to pass through a country that is not their destination country. Transit visas are typically required if you have a layover in a country of more than a few hours.
To explain this better, we would use X and Y as countries to illustrate better our explanations.
You may need a visa to pass through some countries in transit – i.e. traveling through an X country (transit country) on the way to another Y country (your final destination).
To be eligible for a transit visa you must be:
• In transit to another country with enough funds and the intention to travel on
• Able to prove you can enter that final destination country by proving that you have a valid visa for that final destination country.
• Able to show that the only purpose of your visit to the X country is a transit
You should first check if you need a transit visa to go through a X country.
If you intend not to leave the airport please, do apply for –A Direct Airside Transit visa.
You cannot apply for this visa if you need to go through the X country border controls, for example to check in your luggage on to a connecting flight or to change airports – In this case, please apply for A Visitor in Transit visa instead.
Documents needed for Direct Airside Transit Visa
• a current passport or other valid travel identification
You may need to provide additional documents depending on your circumstances.
Transit without a visa
If you do require a visa to transit via a X country – either to pass airside through the X country or to pass through the X country border – you may be eligible for transit without a visa if you hold one of a specified range of transit visa exemption documents. Check with the respective country to know if you are eligible to do so.
Long-term visit visa
You can also apply for a long-term visit visa if you can prove you need to pass through the X country in transit regularly over a longer period. You can stay for a maximum of 48 hours on each visit and your visa can last for 2, 5, or 10 years.
You must prove that:
• you have an ongoing need to pass through the X country in transit
• the reason for your need to pass through the X country is unlikely to change significantly while the visa is valid
• you plan to leave the X country at the end of each transit within the 48 hours period allowed
You should apply for another type of visitor visa if you are traveling to or from Y country.
E-visa is short for electronic visas. It is simply a visa that you can apply on your own through a country’s visa website. They are no different than other types of travel visas. The only difference is that you can complete the application online and get your E-visas within minutes or hours.
What you need to prove and document for an e-visa application before it can be approved are:
1). Your Passport
2). Your Credit Cards
3). A veritable e-mail accounts
4). That you are traveling for the purposes of tourism or business.
5). That you have a round-trip ticket from the specified Airlines, check this with the respective country of your travel interest to find out which Airlines they are asking for
6). That you are able to prove that you hold a return ticket, hotel reservation, and at least be able to demonstrate that you have some money per each day of your stay in the country.
7). Sometimes, you are able to demonstrate that you have a valid Supporting Document (Valid visa OR valid residence permit from one of the Schengen Countries, USA, Canada, UK, or Ireland). If you have E-visas from other countries already while applying to another country for an E-visa. PLEASE NOTE: E-visas are not accepted as supporting documents. AN ONLY valid visa, residence permit accepted as supporting documents.
8). That you hold a passport valid for at least 6 months from the date you intend to enter the X country.
Once you provide all the listed above requirements, most E-visas applications are approved within minutes.
Welcome to Visa House Travels!
We are here to help you achieve your goal of getting your dream visa in an easy to follow process!
1. The most important step is to determine what type of visa do you need. Please take your time to read VISA TYPE AND DOCUMENTS section on our website.
It will help you to understand visa differences or double check your visa choice.
2. Contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org to request most up to date application form. Don’t forget to mention the type of application you need as well as reason for your travel and destination.
3. Read all the tips on how to fill the form. FILLING THE APPLICATION FORM
4. Fill the forms, gather needed documents and upload it using UPLOAD THE APPLICATION section
5. We will give you our feedback on what to change or add.
6. When you adjust the documents in line with our suggestions re-upload your application as every application has 2 revision rounds. For travel booking tips go through TRAVEL BOOKING SECTION
7. We will give you feedback or green light. Please make sure you apply our feedback before submitting your documents to the embassy.
8. You are ready to get your visa, submit the all documents to the embassy (use our CHECKLIST to make sure you have everything)
9. Prepare for interview using our VISA INTERVIEW tips
We are here for you, if you have additional questions check our FAQ or contact us on:
WhatsApp: +234 802 447 1435
Alternatively, Please Download our Checklist to ensure you have everything you need.
If you have recently been refused a visa because of a lack of travel experience or history, then understanding
TRAVEL HISTORY might be of help to you. The concept of having a travel history differs from embassy to embassy.
2. CANADA HIGH COMMISSION
Canada’s immigration has one of the trickier definitions of travel history. To them, travel history falls into 2 main categories
– those with no travel history based on the US embassy’s definition of travel history
– those with travel history but applying for a visa to travel for the wrong purpose.
In other words, if you are refused a visa by the Canadian High Commission because of a lack of travel history, it might be because you have none. But if you have travel history to US, UK, Germany, etc. and was still refused, the reason might be because even though you are traveling for say a conference, business or tour, their checks might have revealed that you have not in the past traveled for a conference, business or tour.
TIP: Always be accurate with your travel purpose because a negative background check might affect you visa approval.
3. UK HIGH COMMISSION
4. SCHENGEN CONSULATES
HOW TO BUILD TRAVEL HISTORY?
LIST OF VISAS ON ARRIVAL COUNTRIES FOR NIGERIA’S PASSPORT HOLDERS
It is obvious that some visas are more accessible than the other but with careful planning and organization, your travel history will make you one step closer to achieve your goal.
We know that booking a hotel and a flight not knowing if the visa will be granted can be confusing. That is why we want to provide you the reasons behind this requirement as well as give you the tips to book your flight and accommodation without stress of losing your money if visa is not granted.
Let’s start with frequently asked questions when it comes to travel bookings for visa application.
Do I need to purchase a flight ticket before applying for a visa? Will I lose a lot of money if I book a flight and hotel and my visa application is rejected or denied?
No. you DO NOT need to buy a full flight ticket or pay hotel reservations before applying for your visa.
Embassies and Consulate officials do not recommend that you make any full payments or payments at all before your visa is issued or granted.
Instead, officials will want a reservation/itinerary with dates and flights number specifying entry date and exit date from the country you plan to visit or the host country. Some embassies will accept flight itinerary when applying for a visa but may request the original air ticket when the visa is collected.
Why embassy or consulate ask for these documents while applying for visa?
These documents serve as proof that you will not be overstaying – why? The main reason why the embassy or the consulate of your travel destination country asks you for proof of a round-trip flight reservation is that they want to make sure you will not overstay your visa and will get back to your home country before it expires.
Since a round-trip reservation shows the departure and arrival to your home country, this is a convincing document that you will return.
This means you have to book a round trip flight reservation because otherwise, your reservation would be meaningless.
Another reason embassy asks for this is to decide the length of your visa. The officials at the embassy or consulate where you are applying at will decide on the length of your visa based on the Itinerary Flight so that you can get granted with a visa that allows you to stay at your destination country for as long as you need to, and not for a shorter period.
1. WHAT IS A FLIGHT RESERVATION?
A flight reservation is a document of a detailed plan of your flight or travel journey to a specific country.
In fact, it is only a flight/travel timetable on the chosen flight airline, comprised of a flight name, traveler’s name, a valid flight reservation booking number, arrival, and departure date, and airport IATA codes.
2. WHAT IS A FLIGHT ITINERARY FOR VISA?
A flight itinerary for a visa is a detailed route of your flight. It includes information such as flight name, your full names, departure/arrival timings along with dates, flight code, departure/arrival airport IATA
TIPS ON HOW TO MAKE FLIGHTS & HOTEL RESERVATIONS FOR VISA APPLICATION PURPOSE
There are ways to make flight bookings for visa applications without payment and, no embassy expects you to purchase a flight or hotel bookings payment before you can apply for a visa. So, how can you make flight bookings without payment? We are going to explain the careful steps in the following below.
NOTE: Should case, you follow the careful steps first on your own but still cannot book your flight bookings and hotel bookings then, don’t hesitate to send us an email or be in touch to our customer’s care department for further help or guides on how to complete the process.
INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDES FOR FLIGHTS BOOKINGS
1. Go to any of these airline websites KLM, Ethiopian Airlines, Emirates, or Turkish Airlines just to mention a few or any other airline that operates on your destination. Note: However, please remember that low-cost airlines usually don’t have the option of ticket reservation.
2. After landing on the airline’s website of your choice, choose a destination ( suitable for your case, let’s say your plan is to travel to London, then you choose London UK and key in your travel dates)
3. Choose a suitable ticket taking into account the price, departure time – This must align with your travel plan dates- the number of stops, travel duration, etc.
4. Fill out the information about the passenger: your Information Very Important
Choose flight insurance if necessary (optional) but NOTE: We do not recommend this because it might attract a token fee but you have the choice to make on your own.
5. On the booking payment section, choose the option reserve now and pay later OR the option pays through the bank.
NOTE: No Embassy expects you to actually make any flight payment or buy a flight ticket before your visa is Issued and, that is why we are recommending that you should choose the option reserve now and pay later or pay through the bank. Consular only want to see your flight booking details such as your full names, date of birth, flight number, booking confirmation number, airline name, departure date, and return date
6. Click “Book a flight” and a confirmation email will be sent to you with the details.
7. Now you need to print the ticket and take it with you to the embassy to apply for a visa. Keep in mind that you need to cut out the part where it says “The order must be paid before — (Your local time). WHY? Because it is not needed for your visa application.
STEP-BY-STEP INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO BOOK A HOTEL WITHOUT PAYING
Reminder: Free cancellation usually has an end date which is stated on the website. If you forget to cancel your booking till that time you will have to cover the cost of the booking.
Embassies that don’t accept booking intermediaries:
Biggest and most popular hotel groups are:
If you have any further questions, please send a mail narrating what the issue is, we will be glad to help!
The thought of being interviewed by a government official can be overwhelming, but
keep in mind that the interview’s purpose is simply to determine whether or not you meet visa requirements. You can set yourself up for success by carefully following our tips below:
Make sure that your schedule is clear for the appointment, but also take into consideration
your scheduled appointment time. Being late will increase your stress level and might affect your performance
To ensure you have every document needed prepare it day before the interview. Use our Checklist to double check.
As you prepare for your visa interview, remember that there’s no reason to fret – all you have to do is answer the questions as truthfully as possible and provide documentation to support your responses. Preparing in advance is a great idea, as it can reveal whether there are additional documents, certificates, or records you would be wise to bring with you to your interview.
LIKELY COMMON VISA INTERVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
What is the purpose of your trip?
When you answer this question, it’s important to be honest, as the purpose of your trip determines the type of visa you need.
How do you plan on financing your trip to the X country?
While there is no set amount of funds you are required to show, you want to prove that you can cover all costs associated with your trip. This may require you to estimate the cost of return travel tickets, lodging, boarding, domestic travel, and medical expenses.
To prove you have the financial resources to fund your trip, you may want to bring bank statements, credit cards, and/or payslips. A travel medical insurance policy could help demonstrate your ability to pay for medical expenses by showing that you have coverage for unexpected injury or illness.
Note that if you are unable to cover your entire trip cost yourself, you are allowed to provide evidence that another person will cover some or all of your costs. It is important you bring with you to the interview all the paper evidence in your sponsor’s names to demonstrate this claim or your sponsor’s documentation and thoroughly explained to the consular why your sponsor decides to finance your trip at this particular time as being indicated in your visa application.
Where are you going to stay during your trip?
As part of the visa application process, you should determine where you are going to stay while you are in the host country. The address should correspond to the one on your visa application. If you are going to be traveling around the country, then be prepared to provide a list of all the places you plan to visit as well as your planned accommodations.
Have you been to the X country before?
Answer this question with a simple yes or no. If yes, be ready to explain the purpose of any previous trips. You may also be asked where you went, what you did, and where you stayed.
Are you married? Is your spouse/partner traveling with you? Why/why not?
If you are married, mention the name and occupation of your spouse. If you are unmarried but have a partner, mention the name and occupation of your partner. If the spouse/partner is traveling with you, inform the interviewer of the same. If he/she isn’t, explain why that is so.
What guarantee is there that you will return home before your visa expires?
This part is the most important factor in all visa applications. This is where most consulate officers will focus on whether you have ties to your home country that provide you an incentive to return. You can show this incentive by providing evidence of real estate that you own back home, family members you will want to return to (birth certificates and marriage certificates may apply here), or proof that a job is waiting for you upon your return to your home country.
It is easy to get nervous as a lot depends on this one meeting but let your confidence shine through!
Maintain a confident posture, and look the interview officer straight in the eyes throughout the interview as well as when you are answering questions .
Greet the visa officer with a smile as soon as they enter the interview booth. Being polite always makes a big difference.
Take the time to think about your answer before you say it.
Make short, clear, and to -the -point replies in a loud and clear voice.
By mistake, you could give some unnecessary information that may lead to your rejection
Be polite, do not argue, and do not ask unnecessary or unrelated questions.
This may not work in your favor it may make the things worse. Be specific and to the point.
Even if you do not feel this is being reciprocated
Often there may be times when you might not understand what the interviewing officer is saying because of his/her accent and/ or the microphone system.
If you do not understand one of their sentences do not feel afraid to say, ‘Beg your pardon: I did not understand you’ If he/she repeats the question, and you still do not understand, that is not a problem DO NOT PANIC. Calmly and confidently say ”sorry, sir/madam, I still did not understand you. Could you kindly repeat what you said?
Always demonstrate to the interviewing officer that you have the intentions to return back to your home country after the end of your visit or studies
Always tell the truth and do not make stories up, even if they feel minor and irrelevant, as it’s sending a message that you can’t be trusted.
If you are a student, make sure you know what your admissions study program is all about and, why the education could be beneficiaries to your personal growth, the society and your contributions back to your home country. They may ask you questions about this.
You should always dress formal for your scheduled appointment. However, your appearance should always convey who you claim of who you are in your visa application forms. If you claim to be student, dress like a student and if you claim to be an executive, behalf like one and dress like one.
If your purpose is for tourism, ensure you have a valid reason why you want to visit at this specific time, and ensure you convince the interviewing officer.
Everyone knows basic rules of filling the application form:
– Make sure all your data is up to date
– Make sure you filled all the necessary parts and that by mistake you are not leaving the blanks
– Double check everything
But the crucial question is what visa officer would be looking for in your application form and supporting documents?
Make sure you mention points below as for Visa officers these points are most important:
1. That you intend to leave the host country after your visit
2. That you are genuinely seeking entry as a visitor, student visitor, or genuine traveler on whatever is your purpose of travel
3. That you are able to afford your trip and take care of yourself while there and that even if you have a sponsor, should the sponsor not take care of you, you are able to take care of yourself.
4. That you will not exhaust all your savings on the trip hence have no motivation to return back home or be tempted to seek work opportunities.
We can also benefit form mistakes done by other people, learn from them and don’t replicate it in our applications. Before you start filling in the forms learn the reasons why your visa application may be rejected. We can divide the reasons into 3 sections: Hosts and sponsors, Purpose of the travel, Documents and finance:
Hosts and sponsors:
1. Introducing too many relationships/people into your application. Some embassies conduct background checks on each person you include in your application and if even one of them has an issue your visa application will most likely be denied.
2. Using distant relatives as a sponsor for your trip. Immediate family increases your chances – mother, father, spouse, brother, sister, child
3. If there is a significant age gap between you and your girlfriend/boyfriend in the host country, making your relationship appear more like a business relationship rather than personal.
4. Not providing enough proof of your relationship with your foreign host. Take screenshots, print out, and attach the evidence from WhatsApp, Facebook convos, e-mails, photos, etc. as applicable to your situation.
5. Your application does not demonstrate that your host in the visiting country has invited you to the country for the stated purpose. Let your host clearly spell out the reason why they are inviting you and hosting you in the country.
6. Not declaring that you have a partner/spouse even though your child’s birth certificate details indicate a biological father/mother has been registered. Declare. If you two are no longer together, let the other parent write a letter of no objection that the child can travel and that you two are not together. If deceased, attach death certificate.
7. Lack of sufficient documentation from your sponsor. Include as much as is reasonable.
è Letter from your sponsor indicating their relationship with you, why they want you to visit them in the host country, and also undertaking that they will take care of your accommodation, food, and other related expenses while you are in the country
è Your sponsor’s bank statements for the last 6 months (must indicate salary deposits and have no large unexplained deposits)
è Your sponsor’s residence permit or their foreign passport’s biodata page
è Document evidence of your sponsor’s relationship to you
Purpose of the travel
1. No change in circumstances since your previous visa refusal.
If your previous refusal notice outlined concerns and the documentation provided with your current application does little to address those concerns, it undermines your intentions in traveling to the country. Write a detailed cover letter explaining the previous refusal reasons, and how your circumstances have changed since then for each reason the visa officer gave for refusing your visa application.
2. No genuine intentions to come back
3. Not having sufficient ties in your home country
Below are some ideas for documentation you could use to prove strong ties to your home country to a consular officer.
è You have a career/ a job provide:
ü Letter from your employer stating duties, salary, and tenure duration
ü Pay Stubs
ü Permission Letter for Taking Paid Time Off
è You are a student / College Enrollment provide:
ü Student ID Card
ü Educational Transcripts from your school, showing courses passed or to be taken in the forthcoming terms
ü Letter from your school, stating from what date to what date you will be absent from school and when you are expected back in school
è You own your business provide:
ü Bank Statements Showing Revenue
ü Articles of Incorporation
è You can also provide:
ü Family documents (spouse & kids) – It’s very important you provide your marriage certificate, your wedding pictures, and every other detail of your marriage if married. If you have kids, it’s a good thing also to present to the visa consular, full names of your kids, their birth certificates, and every one of their details that might help you to demonstrate your strong home ties to the visa officer – please, provide birth certificates of your kids, their photos and also demonstrate to the consular what your kids are currently doing e.g., if they are in school, provide details of their school’s registrations.
ü Other Dependents documents – sick parents, or your immediate family members e.g. please provide IDs of your parents, your brothers, and of your sisters, who all depend on you for their sustenance. Please, demonstrate the assistance you render them from time to time – you could do this by providing paper evidence or receipts of the financial transactions you make to them or evidence of any assistance you give them from time to time
ü Affidavits – attaching an affidavit that clearly states that you are obliged to return home is another good document you could provide to demonstrate your strong home ties.
ü Volunteer Work & Organization Memberships – such as Red cross or vigilante association or landlord’s association you belong to and, documents demonstrating that you actually belong to those acclaimed associations showing your position in the associations, your roles in the associations, and how much the associations depend on you.
ü Assets – deeds of land you own, title to vehicles you own,
bank accounts with significant balances, paper evidence of all the properties you own with your names fully stated on all of them
4. You have not attached a letter from a university/company/board from the host country saying that you have to visit for the purpose of the trip. Attach the relevant letter
5. You didn’t indicate in your application what you intend to do in the host or where you intend to stay in the host country. Attach a detailed itinerary with your cover letter indicating dates, cities, and the day-to-day activities you plan to engage in for every day you will be in the country.
6. Lack of international travel history. You have never traveled outside of your country before, especially outside your continent Having travel history is crucial in your visa application. To learn how to build your travel history read the tips with the corresponding title in My Visa House section.
7. You have indicated a super lengthy duration of stay in the host country compared to your intended purpose of visit. For example, 3 weeks stay to do a 1-day board exam. You need to be realistic or change the main purpose of your travel.
8. Failure to declare a previous visa refusal on your visa application form. It doesn’t matter which country denied you the visa. You must declare this in your application and give a reason why.
9. Having too many intended purposes of travel – vacation, meeting friends, doing exams, work, all in one application doesn’t reflect well on your application. Choose one main purpose for your travel.
10. Missing police clearance certificate if it applies to you.
Documents and finance:
1. Not submitting all supporting documents.
2. Submitted bank statement shows a number of large deposits being deposited into your account. You must provide documented evidence to clearly demonstrate the origin of these funds and whether they are genuinely available for your exclusive use or spending. Make sure to have documented evidence for every deposit into your account. If you sold a house, attach a sale agreement. If it is rental income, attach rent lease. If it is a company bonus, attach the bonus letter from the employer. Etc
3. Providing property documents with your application but these documents do not demonstrate that you generate an income from them. Attach rental income payment confirmations e.g. bank statement, rent lease agreements, etc.
4. Stating that you have an online business but the documents you have provided do no demonstrate this business or that you receive and income from such a business. Register your online business, attach the registration certificate, and payment statements e.g. Flutterwave, M-PESA, PayPal, etc. You can also attach a screenshot of the business page e.g. if it is Etsy for instance, show sales, and payments page.
5. The documents you have provided do not demonstrate how you support yourself in your home country and are not an accurate reflection of your financial circumstances back home. Attach employment letter, leave letter, payslips 6 months bank statements clearly indicating salary history, business registration certificate, etc.
6. You mentioned in your application that you have X amount of money while the bank statement you submitted had X + Y amount. Be consistent and accurately fill in your application form.
7. No official documents demonstrate how long you have been employed by the employer. Attach an employment letter with details of how long you have been with the said employer.
8. You fail to clearly demonstrate your income from your employment. Make sure to attach a bank statement with salary deposits every month into your account from the said employer.
9. The salary is not consistent with your bank statement. Same as above.
10. Failure to demonstrate savings, properties, or income. Attach documented evidence of these and if there any sudden large deposits, give a documented explanation.
11. You provide only your savings account bank statement and not the one that you get your monthly salary on so the origins of the money and expenses, etc. are not demonstrated. Attach 6 months’ salary bank account statement.
12. Your application does not demonstrate that you receive a salary. See above.
13. Your application does not demonstrate that you have any income or funds available to you or how you will maintain yourself during your trip. See above.
14. Withdrawing all the money from your bank account. Try to live within your means to enable you to have some leftover savings in your account month on month. Clearing out your account is a bad sign.
15. Amounts you intend to spend on your trip represent over half of your declared savings or several months over your monthly expenditure and you have not shown that you are able to spend such monies on holiday. We would propose the following cost estimation:
o An average daily expense for your trip of about N60,000 per person per day
o Total trip expenses not more than two times your monthly salary
o Total trip expenses not more than half of the indicated savings
16. No leave approval letter attached. Attach the letter or include in the employment letter that your employer has granted you leave of absence from work and that you will return to your current job after your trip. Leave approval can either be a separate document or leave details included in your employment letter
17. Not providing evidence that the business you have indicated in the application is still operational. Attach recent tax return certificates, tax compliance certificates, current business accounts, sales transaction statements, etc.
18. Providing too many bank statements from too many banks. Clearly indicate in the cover letter that you have included the said statements if you must include all many of them.
19. You have provided a business bank statement (from your company) instead of a personal bank statement. Visa officer unable to conduct a meaningfull assessment of your financial circumstances based on a business account only. Provide both personal and business bank statements (if applicable).